On the occasion of # 11F ‘International Day of Women and Girls in Science’, we organized together with #womeninoptics networking coffee this session where the pleasure of hearing first-hand Prof. Eulalia Pérez Sedeño, Professor of Research in Science, Technology and Gender in the Department of Science, Technology and Society of the Philosophy Institute of CSIC (Spain).
The event consisted of a talk titled ‘Stereotypes, gender and knowledge’, where emphasis has been placed on the definitions of gender and sex, and that the characteristics of a gender is not something innate, but is the product of socialization and education.
She commented that women study a lot of science. What we do not study are physics and engineering. But the rest we study a lot. Studying certain careers or scientific engineering has a lot to do with stereotypes. Women are educated from very young in activities that have to do with language and care. Consequence «That women do not dedicate themselves to some types of science, impoverishes those disciplines very much»
And the more prestige less women and the more women less prestige. This happens in any area, not only in science.
She has explained how sexist or androcentric biases influence the relationship of women in science with a very striking example: myocardial heart attack; In medicine, for example, clinical trials continue where women are not studied.It is thought that the norm is man and that everything that applies to a man can also be applied to them, and it is not true.
How does she see the future?
She said that she is positive because , she think we are better than when she started in the late 80’s. 30 years have passed …she is negative because we are moving very slowly and because we have to repeat things over and over again. In other areas, when you achieve an achievement that is already settled. In feminist and gender issues, this is not the case. You have to start over and over again. And this has a lot to do with the fact that young people think that equality is already achieved and that nothing more needs to be done. And there is more to see what happens on a daily basis to realize that we have not achieved equality and go back is possible.
It has been a pleasure to have this experience, we have learned from her experience a lot.